Russian Language Facts
Russian is the most important of the Slavic languages and now one of the major languages of the world. With English, French, Spanish, Chinese, and Arabic, Russian is one of the six official languages of the United Nations.
Russian is a language representive of the Eastern Slavic language group and is spoken by the people of the Russian Federation (Russia) and its neighboring states. Of the 150 million people in the Russian Federation, about 125 million are native Russians, with many members of other nationalities speaking the language with varying degrees of fluency. About 30 million Russians also live in the newly independent states that were once part of the Soviet Union. Latest figures also showabout 250,000 Russian speakers in the United States and about 40,000 in Canada.
Russian is written in the Cyrillic alphabet, whose origin dates from the 9th century. Its creators were two missionaries from Greece, the brothers Cyril and Methodius, who based it largely on the Greek. The Cyrillic alphabet continued to be used widely in the Middle Age in Russia and Ukraina as the only formal alphabet, and was used in the Church Slavonic language. It was simplified as the Civil alphabet in the time of Peter the Great, and further simplified during the Sovietperiod. The Russian language currently uses a 33-letter alphabet
Правила русской орфографии и пунктуации
Культура письменной речи